Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of California Dean D. Pregerson, District Judge, Presiding D.C. No. 8:06-cv-00269-DDP D.C. No. 8:06-cv-00276-DDP
MOLLY C. DWYER, CLERK U.S. COURT OF APPEALS
Submitted November 17, 2010*fn2
Before: SCHROEDER, FISHER, and N.R. SMITH, Circuit Judges.
This is an appeal from an order of the district court awarding sanctions under Rule 8020 of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 158(d) and we affirm in part, vacate in part and remand.
1. Given that appellants raised both frivolous and non-frivolous arguments, the district court properly awarded partial sanctions, requiring appellants to pay appellees' attorney's fees only with respect to the frivolous arguments. See Gaskell v. Weir, 10 F.3d 626, 629-30 (9th Cir. 1993). Appellants offer no authority for the proposition that partial sanctions should not be awarded unless the court finds that frivolous arguments predominated over non-frivolous ones.
2. The district court's finding that appellants mischaracterized the facts and the law is not clearly erroneous. Appellants' numerous claims that two California state court decisions made findings that Dan Baer looted joint venture assets are not supported by the record. Appellants also mischaracterized a pair of Florida decisions setting aside fraudulent conveyances made by Tedder.
3. The district court also properly found that appellants' challenge to Judge Smith's reconsideration of Judge Alberts' fee order was frivolous. As the district court explained, appellants "did not raise any legitimate arguments or support for their appeal of the bankruptcy court's decision to amend its original judgment."
4. The district court's conclusion that appellants' punitive damages argument regarding Planned Parenthood of Columbia/Willamette Inc. v. American Coalition of Life Activists, 422 F.3d 949, 962 (2005), was frivolous, however, was in error. Appellants argued that a standalone punitive damages award under 11 U.S.C. § 303(i) would violate due process because the ratio of punitive to actual damages would be infinite -- and thus in excess of the 4:1 or 9:1 ratios suggested by the Supreme Court in State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. v. Campbell, 538 U.S. 408, 425 (2003). The district court concluded that this argument was frivolous because, in its view, appellants had misstated the holding of Planned Parenthood. That finding is not supported by the record. Furthermore, appellants' novel "infinite ratio" argument, although unpersuasive, was not "wholly without merit." In re George, 322 F.3d 586, 591 (9th Cir. 2003) (per curiam).
We affirm the district court's frivolousness findings in most respects. The district court erred, however, in finding appellants' punitive damages argument frivolous. We therefore vacate that portion of the district court's order and remand for a recalculation of sanctions accordingly. Each party shall bear its own costs on appeal.
AFFIRMED IN PART, VACATED IN PART ...