Appeal from the District Court of the Fourth Judicial District, State of Idaho, Ada County. Hon. Kathryn A. Sticklen and Hon. Richard D. Greenwood, District Judge.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Burdick, Justice
Judgment of the district court ordering specific performance, affirmed. Costs to Respondents.
Appellant Edward J. Mason (Mason) breached two agreements to purchase farmland (the "Properties") from Respondents. Mason admits that he breached the agreements but appeals the district court's decision to award specific performance to Respondents. Mason argues that specific performance is not an appropriate remedy in this case because he cannot comply with the award, contract damages provide an adequate remedy at law and specific performance results in a windfall for Respondents. We affirm.
I. FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
On April 12, 2006, Mason entered into an agreement to purchase a parcel of real property from Respondents Frank J. Fazzio, Jr. and Cindy Ann Fazzio (Mr. and Mrs. Fazzio) for the purchase price of $1,530,000. On the same day, Mason entered into an agreement to purchase two parcels of real property from Respondent Idaho Livestock Company, LLC (Idaho Livestock) for the purchase price of $2,000,000. Mr. Fazzio, as manager, acted on behalf of Idaho Livestock in entering into the agreement with Mason. Pursuant to both purchase agreements, the closing date was February 26, 2007.
While the agreements were pending, Mason had the Properties annexed to the City of Kuna (Kuna). Mason also caused the Properties to be joined into the Kuna sewer local improvement district (LID), causing an encumbrance in the approximate amount of $425,000. Mason failed to close on the Properties on February 26, 2007. Mr. and Mrs. Fazzio and Idaho Livestock (collectively hereinafter the "Fazzios") filed for arbitration with the American
Arbitration Association seeking specific performance. On September 12, 2007, in order to avoid arbitration, Mason and the Fazzios entered into settlement agreements whereby Mason would still purchase the Properties but at a later date. Pursuant to the settlement agreements, if Kuna approved Mason's preliminary plat, Mason was required to close on the Properties by December 21, 2007. Neither the original contracts nor the settlement agreements were contingent upon Mason obtaining financing. Both settlement agreements provide:
Specific Performance. Should either party breach or violate this Settlement Agreement, the non-offending party shall have a remedy of specific performance and may apply to the district court of the county of Ada, state of Idaho to have this Settlement Agreement enforced by a judgment for specific performance.
Kuna approved Mason's preliminary plat prior to December 21, 2007; however, Mason again failed to close on the Properties.
On January 22, 2008, the Fazzios filed an Application for Entry of Arbitration Award, Or In the Alternative, Complaint for Breach of Contract. The Fazzios moved for summary judgment, asking the district court to either confirm their settlement as an arbitration award or to grant them summary judgment for breach of contract. The Fazzios requested specific performance. On December 30, 2008, the district court granted the motion for summary judgment. The district court declined to confirm the settlement agreement as an arbitration award, but it ordered specific performance under the breach of contract claim, finding that there was good reason to enforce the contract by specific performance rather than by the legal remedy of contract damages. In support of its order for specific performance, the district court noted that the Properties are unique, that the Properties were significantly and materially altered when Mason caused them to be annexed to Kuna, that the contract was for a cash sale, and that performance is not so unlikely or impossible as to render the order futile.
On January 20, 2009, Mason filed the Notice of Appeal. On March 23, 2009, this Court dismissed the appeal as premature, because a final judgment had not yet been issued. On April 3, 2009, the Fazzios filed a Motion for Entry of Judgment. On April 7, 2009, Mason submitted a Motion for Reconsideration. On May 28, 2009, the district court denied the Motion for Reconsideration.
On May 28, 2009, the district court entered a Judgment, and a Corrected Judgment on October 5, 2009, in favor of the Fazzios on the ground that Mason failed to pay the balance due under the settlement agreements consistent with the December 30, 2008 court order granting summary judgment. Judgment was entered against Mason in favor of the Mr. and Mrs. Fazzio in the principal amount of $1,530,000, plus $412,471.08 interest, and in favor of Idaho Livestock in the principal amount of $2,000,000, plus $539,177.66 interest. The Fazzios were also granted vendor's liens to the Properties, which are to be enforceable through foreclosure sale pursuant to Chapter 1, Title 6, Idaho Code. Upon satisfaction of the judgment, and so long as the property has not been sold in satisfaction of the vendor's lien, Mason is entitled to transfer of title of the Properties subject to the requirement that he reimburse the Fazzios for any sums actually paid for charges and assessments of the Kuna LID previously paid by the Fazzios.
On September 17, 2009, the district court entered the Supplemental Judgment for Attorney's Fees and Costs, awarding the Fazzios attorney fees and costs pursuant to I.C. § 12- 120(3) in the amount of $36,999.50. The district court disallowed $12,015 in attorney fees claimed by the Fazzios on the ground that these fees were to be addressed by this Court because they were incurred while defending against Mason's premature appeal to this Court.
On October 13, 2009, Mason filed the Amended Notice of Appeal.
This Court set forth the standard of review for an appeal from an order of summary judgment in Infanger ...