The opinion of the court was delivered by: B.LynnWinmill ChiefJudgeUnitedStatesDistrict Court
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER AND RELATED COUNTERCLAIM
This patent infringement action is likely to involve discovery of documents and testimony containing trade secrets and other confidential research, development and commercial information of the parties to this action and third parties who may be subpoenaed to provide deposition testimony and documents, including confidential and commercially sensitive information relating to business strategies, manufacturing and distribution capabilities, sales, costs, pricing, profitability, customers, suppliers, and other business and financial data, which, if disclosed other than as specified herein, will pose a significant risk of injury to the legitimate business interests of the Producing Party. This Order is necessary to protect the legitimate business interests of the Producing Party in such information, and good cause exists for the entry of this Order.
Pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and pursuant to the stipulation and agreement of the parties,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, that if, in the course of this proceeding, any party or non-party has the occasion to disclose information deemed in good faith to constitute confidential proprietary information of the type contemplated by Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c), the following procedures shall be employed and the following restrictions shall govern the handling of documents, depositions, pleadings, exhibits and all other information exchanged by the parties in this Action, or provided by or obtained from non-parties in this Action.
1. This Protective Order shall apply to all documents, depositions, pleadings, exhibits and all other material or information, whether embodied in physical objects, subject to discovery in this Action, including responses to requests for production of documents, answers to interrogatories, responses to requests for admissions, deposition testimony, expert testimony and reports, and all other discovery taken pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, as well as testimony adduced at trial, trial exhibits, matters in evidence and any other information used or disclosed at trial, hereafter furnished, directly or indirectly, by or on behalf of any party, non-party or witness in connection with this Action ("Discovery Material").
2. As used herein, "Producing Party" shall refer to any party to this Action and to any non-party who gives testimony or produces documents or other information, and "Receiving Party" shall refer to any individual who receives, is shown, or is exposed to material or information pursuant to this Protective Order.
3. Any Producing Party may designate Discovery Material as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -- OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY" in accordance with this Protective Order. The burden of establishing that Discovery Material is CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY, as defined herein, shall be on the Producing Party. The designation of any Discovery Information as CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY shall be deemed effective unless and until the Court orders otherwise or the Producing Party withdraws the designation.
4. Discovery Material falling into one or more of the following categories may be designated as CONFIDENTIAL: (i) trade secrets, proprietary research, development and/or technical information that is not publicly available and that is not expressly contained in public information; (ii) unpublished patent applications and patent prosecution documents that are not available upon request from the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office or any other patent office; and (iii) sensitive financial, business or commercial information that is not publicly available and that is not expressly contained in public information.
5. Discovery Material that is CONFIDENTIAL may be designated as HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY when it is highly proprietary or highly sensitive and/or disclosure could harm the competitive interests of the Producing Party.
6. The Producing Party may designate documents or other tangible Discovery Material as CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY by placing the following legend or similar legend on the document or thing: CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY. If the Producing Party elects to produce documents and things for inspection, it need not label the documents and things in advance of the initial inspection. For purposes of the initial inspection, all documents within the produced files will be considered as having been marked HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY. Thereafter, on selection of specified documents for copying by the inspecting party, the Producing Party shall mark the original documents and/or the copies of such documents with the appropriate confidentiality marking, CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY, at the time the copies are produced to the inspecting party.
7. Any party or non-party may designate discovery requests or responses (and the information contained therein) as CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY by placing the following legend on the face of any such document: CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY.
8. Any party or non-party may designate depositions and other
testimony (including exhibits) as CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL
- OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY by (i) indicating on the record at the time the
testimony is given that the entire testimony or portions thereof shall
be designated as CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -OUTSIDE COUNSEL
ONLY or (ii) by written notice to the reporter and all counsel of
record, given within two weeks after the reporter sends written notice
to the deponent or the deponent's counsel that the transcript is
available for review ("the hold period"), in which case all counsel
receiving such notice shall be responsible for marking the copies of
the designated transcript or portion thereof in their possession or
control as directed by the Producing Party or deponent. If no such
designation is made at the deposition, no such deposition transcript
shall be disclosed to any person other than those persons who are
entitled to have access to such materials pursuant to Paragraphs 13 or
14 below and the deponent (and the deponent's counsel in the case of a
separately represented nonparty) during the hold period set forth in
this paragraph, and no person attending such a deposition shall
disclose the contents of the deposition to any person other than those
described in Paragraphs 13 and 14 below during the hold period.
9. Subject to any overriding rules imposed by the Court in this Action, all CONFIDENTIAL and HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY material, or any excerpt, reproduction or paraphrase thereof, filed with the Court shall be filed under seal, pursuant to Local Civil Rule 5.3.
10. Discovery Material designated CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY shall be used only in preparation for, and in the trial of, this Action or any appeal therefrom and cannot be used for any other purpose including, but not limited to, any other litigation, arbitration or claim. Nothing in this Protective Order shall preclude a Producing Party from using or disseminating its own CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY material.
11. All material designated CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL -OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY shall be protected from disclosure as specified herein, unless a party obtains an Order of the Court declaring that all or certain portions of such Discovery Material are not, in fact, protected.
12. Third parties may (i) designate deposition transcripts of their witnesses and any documents or information they produce, whether voluntarily or by subpoena, CONFIDENTIAL or HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL - OUTSIDE COUNSEL ONLY to the same extent and in the same manner as parties to this Action and any such materials and information shall be treated by the parties to this Action in the same manner as materials and information so designated by a party, and (ii) intervene in this Action to enforce the provisions of this Protective Order as if they were a party.
13. Unless otherwise directed by the Court or authorized in writing by the Producing Party, Discovery Material designated as CONFIDENTIAL, or the contents thereof, may be disclosed by the Receiving Party only to the following persons described below:
a) any "outside" attorney of record in this Action (including attorneys employed by firms of record but not otherwise identified specifically on pleadings);
b) in-house counsel, legal or intellectual property staff, patent attorneys, and patent agents (collectively, "In-House Counsel") representing a party to this Action;
c) support personnel for attorneys listed in sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) above, including law clerks, analysts, paralegals, secretaries, and staff, assisting in connection with this Action;
d) any outside expert or consultant who is expressly retained or sought to be retained by any attorney described in sub-paragraphs (a) or (b) to assist in the preparation of this Action for trial, with disclosure only to the extent necessary to perform such work;
e) any interpreter, or court or other shorthand reporter or typist translating, recording ...