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State of Idaho v. Clinton Irvin Wageman

IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF THE STATE OF IDAHO


October 31, 2012

STATE OF IDAHO, PLAINTIFF-RESPONDENT,
v.
CLINTON IRVIN WAGEMAN, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from the District Court of the Fourth Judicial District, State of Idaho, Ada County. Hon. Cheri C. Copsey, District Judge.

Per curiam.

2012 Unpublished Opinion No. 699

Stephen W. Kenyon, Clerk

THIS IS AN UNPUBLISHED OPINION AND SHALL NOT BE CITED AS AUTHORITY

Order revoking probation and withheld judgment and imposing unified sentence of ten years, with six years determinate, affirmed.

Before LANSING, Judge; GUTIERREZ, Judge; and MELANSON, Judge

Clinton Irvin Wageman pled guilty to injury to a child. Idaho Code § 18-1501(1). The district court withheld judgment and placed Wageman on probation. Several years later, Wageman admitted to violating terms of the probation. The district court consequently revoked probation and the withheld judgment and imposed a unified sentence of ten years, with six years determinate. Wageman appeals, contending the district court abused its discretion by revoking Wageman's withheld judgment and imposing an excessive sentence.

An appellate review of a sentence is based on an abuse of discretion standard. State v. Burdett, 134 Idaho 271, 276, 1 P.3d 299, 304 (Ct. App. 2000). Where a sentence is not illegal, the appellant has the burden to show that it is unreasonable and, thus, a clear abuse of discretion.

State v. Brown, 121 Idaho 385, 393, 825 P.2d 482, 490 (1992). A sentence may represent such an abuse of discretion if it is shown to be unreasonable upon the facts of the case. State v. Nice, 103 Idaho 89, 90, 645 P.2d 323, 324 (1982). A sentence of confinement is reasonable if it appears at the time of sentencing that confinement is necessary "to accomplish the primary objective of protecting society and to achieve any or all of the related goals of deterrence, rehabilitation or retribution applicable to a given case." State v. Toohill, 103 Idaho 565, 568, 650 P.2d 707, 710 (Ct. App. 1982). Where an appellant contends that the sentencing court imposed an excessively harsh sentence, we conduct an independent review of the record, having regard for the nature of the offense, the character of the offender and the protection of the public interest. State v. Reinke, 103 Idaho 771, 772, 653 P.2d 1183, 1884 (Ct. App. 1982). When reviewing the length of a sentence, we consider the defendant's entire sentence. State v. Oliver, 144 Idaho 722, 726, 170 P.3d 387, 391 (2007).

The issue before this Court is not whether the sentence is one that we would have imposed, but whether the sentence is plainly excessive under any reasonable view of the facts. Toohill, 103 Idaho at 568, 650 P.2d at 710. If reasonable minds might differ as to whether the sentence is excessive, we are not free to substitute our view for that of the district court. Id. Having thoroughly reviewed the record in this case, we cannot say that the district court abused its discretion. Therefore, the district court's order revoking probation and the withheld judgment and imposing a unified sentence of ten years, with six years determinate, is affirmed.

20121031

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