Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Hoyt A. Fleming v. Cobra Electronics Corporation and the Whistler Group

December 26, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Honorable B. Lynn Winmill Chief U. S. District Judge



The Court has before it plaintiff Fleming's motion to dismiss and strike defendant Whistler's counterclaims and affirmative defenses. The motion is fully briefed and at issue. For the reasons expressed below, the Court will grant the motion in part, striking two affirmative defenses, and requiring the amendment of others to provide more specificity.


In this lawsuit, Fleming argues that Whistler is infringing its patents. In response, Whistler alleges various affirmative defenses and counterclaims. Fleming complains that Whistler's allegations lack the required specificity and should either be stricken or dismissed.

Whistler's affirmative defenses and counterclaims are summarized in the table below:

Whistler Affirmative Defenses & Counterclaims Description Allegation (From Whistler's Answer)

First Affirmative Defense Whistler did not infringe Second Affirmative Defense Fleming's patents invalid Third Affirmative Defense No notice of patent - No required mark on products Fourth Affirmative Defense Laches & Estoppel Fifth Affirmative Defense Prosecution History Estoppel Sixth Affirmative Defense Improper Joinder Seventh Affirmative Defense Fleming may lack standing Eighth Affirmative Defense Absolute & Equitable Intervening Rights "Other Affirmative Defenses" Reservation of Rights "Lack of Personal Jurisdiction" Court lacks personal jurisdiction over Whistler First Counterclaim Seeks Declaration that Whistler did not infringe Second Counterclaim Seeks Declaration that Fleming's patents are invalid Sixth Affirmative Defense & "Other Affirmative Defense"

In its sixth affirmative defense, Whistler raises the issue of improper joinder. Under the heading "Other Affirmative Defenses," it reserves its right to assert additional affirmative defenses. In its briefing, Whistler concedes that these are not "commonly considered" as affirmative defenses, and the Court agrees. Both will be struck.

Second Affirmative Defense & Second Counterclaim

In both its second affirmative defense and its second counterclaim, Whistler alleges that Fleming's patents are invalid. Beyond that bare allegation, Whistler says nothing -- it fails to explain why the patents are invalid. However, Whistler will soon be compelled to provide a much more detailed explanation of the invalidity defense and counterclaim. The requirements set forth in Local Patent Rule 3.3 apply to both the affirmative defense of invalidity and the counterclaim alleging invalidity. To comply with Local Patent Rule 3.3, and the Court's Case Management Order, Whistler must provide a detailed statement supporting these allegations on or before February 4, 2013. By that date, the insufficiency will either be corrected or the allegations will, at that time, be subject to dismissal. Consequently, the Court will deny the motion to dismiss at this time, without prejudice to the right of Fleming to re-raise the issue if the required detailed statement is insufficient.

Seventh Affirmative Defense & "Lack of Personal Jurisdiction"

In its seventh affirmative defense, Whistler alleges that "[t]o the extent that Fleming does not hold all substantial rights in the '905 patent, Fleming lacks standing to assert the claims of such patent in relation to Whistler." Fleming points out that this allegation is prospective in nature and is not based on any presently existing fact. Fleming also takes issue with Whistler's allegation that the Court lacks personal jurisdiction over it, and argues that this defense is likewise unexplained.

Both of these defenses -- lack of standing and lack of personal jurisdiction -- are typically raised by a defense motion early-on in the case, and the plaintiff bears the ultimate burden of proof on both issues. Native Village of Kivalina v ExxonMobil Corp., 696 F.3d 849 (9th Cir. 2012) (holding that plaintiff bears burden of establishing standing); Mavrix Photo, Inc. v. Brand Technologies, Inc., 647 F.3d 1218 (9th Cir. 2011) (holding that plaintiff bears the burden of establishing personal jurisdiction). There appears to be some question whether the specificity required elsewhere would apply to a defendant pleading lack of standing and lack of personal jurisdiction. See generally Maya v Centex Corp., 658 F.3d 1060 (9th Cir. 2011) (refusing to apply Iqbal to plaintiff's ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.