Appeal from the District Court of the Fifth Judicial District, State of Idaho, Twin Falls County. Hon. G. Richard Bevan, District Judge.
2013 Unpublished Opinion No. 483
OPINION AND SHALL NOT BE CITED AS AUTHORITY
Order denying motion for credit for time served, affirmed.
Before GUTIERREZ, Chief Judge; GRATTON, Judge; and MELANSON, Judge
Leon Jason Fortner appeals the district court's order denying his motion for credit for time served. For the reasons set forth below, we affirm.
On October 19, 1999, Idaho authorities engaged Fortner in a high speed chase. They believed Fortner stole three vehicles, one of which he struck an officer with during the incident. Fortner eluded Idaho authorities, but was arrested the same day in Utah and charged with several criminal offenses in that state. He remained in custody in Utah, prior to and following conviction of crimes charged in that state, until he was arrested in connection with the Idaho charges.
On October 25, 2001, the Twin Falls County Prosecutor filed a criminal complaint against Fortner in relation to Fortner's October 19, 1999, conduct, charging him with two counts of felony eluding a peace officer, two counts of aggravated battery, one count of grand theft by possession of stolen property, and one count of grand theft. Idaho authorities arrested Fortner on April 18, 2002, and he later pled guilty to one count of felony eluding, one count of aggravated battery, and one count of grand theft. The district court sentenced Fortner on the Idaho charges on July 22, 2002.
Fortner filed a motion seeking credit toward his Idaho sentences for time spent incarcerated in Utah before being arrested on the Idaho charges. At the hearing on his motion, Fortner argued that he was entitled to credit toward his Idaho sentences for time served in Utah because the crimes he committed in Utah were part of one continuous transaction. The district court denied Fortner's motion insofar as it sought credit for time served in Utah on Utah charges. Fortner appeals.
Whether a sentencing court has properly awarded credit for time served is a question of law. State v. Vasquez, 142 Idaho 67, 68, 122 P.3d 1167, 1168 (Ct. App. 2005). Over questions of law, we exercise free review. State v. O'Neill, 118 Idaho 244, 245, 796 P.2d 121, 122 (1990).
Fortner argues the district court erred when it denied his motion seeking credit for time served. Fortner asserts that he is entitled to credit against his Idaho sentence for time served in Utah while awaiting prosecution and sentencing in Utah, even though he had not yet been charged in the Idaho case, because the underlying facts giving rise to both the charges in Idaho and the charges in Utah were part of one continuous transaction.
Credit for time served is governed by Idaho Code § 18-309. Pursuant to this statute, a defendant is entitled to credit for prejudgment incarceration attributable to the offense for which the defendant is being sentenced. Vasquez, 142 Idaho at 68, 122 P.3d at 1168; State v. Akin, 139 Idaho 160, 164, 75 P.3d 214, 218 (Ct. App. 2003); State v. Horn, 124 Idaho 849, 850, 865 P.2d 176, 177 (Ct. App. 1993); State v. Hale, 116 Idaho 763, 765, 779 P.2d 438, 440 (Ct. App. 1989). A defendant receives no credit against a sentence for time served on separate charges. See State v. Moliga, 113 Idaho 672, 676, 747 P.2d 81, 85 (Ct. App. 1987); State v. Teal, 105 Idaho 501, 504, 670 P.2d 908, 911 (Ct. App. 1983). Further, until a ...