United States District Court, D. Idaho
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER
B. LYNN WINMILL, Chief District Judge.
Before the Court is the motion of defendants Jose Soto, Ramiro Oretega, Yesenia R. Hernandez, and Puerto Vallarta, Inc. (hereinafter "Puerto Vallarta defendants"), for attorney fees and costs against plaintiff Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. (hereinafter "Joe Hand")
Joe Hand sued Puerto Vallarta defendants for common-law conversion and under 47 U.S.C. §§ 553 and 605 for the unauthorized showing of Ultimate Fighting Championship 128: Mauricio Rua v. Jon Jones on March 19, 2011. Compl. ¶¶ 9-25. Joe Hand sought compensatory and punitive damages, statutory damages pursuant to 47 U.S.C. § 553(c)(3)(A) and § 605(e)(3)(C)(ii), as well as attorney fees and costs under § 553(c)(2)(C) and § 605(e)(3)(B)(iii). Id.
Trial was set for June, 2014. Dkt. 21. A month before trial, Puerto Vallarta defendants filed a Motion in Limine to exclude all witnesses and exhibits not properly disclosed by Joe Hand pursuant to the July 22, 2013 Scheduling Order. Dkt. 22. The Court granted the motion. Dkt. 26. The parties then entered into a stipulation of dismissal, and the case was dismissed in its entirety with prejudice. Dkt. 29.
Puerto Vallarta defendants now move for $9, 730.00 in attorney fees and $587.00 in costs pursuant to FRCP 54 and 47 U.S.C. § 605(e)(3)(B)(iii) and § 553(c)(2)(C). Def.'s Mot. at 1, Dkt. 30.
Under both 47 U.S.C. § 553(c)(2)(C) and § 605(e)(3)(B)(iii), awards of attorney fees are limited to "an aggrieved party who prevails." Other districts have determined that a defendant is not an "aggrieved party" within the meaning of the statutes and that nothing within the Cable Act statutes authorizes an award of attorney fees to a prevailing defendant. VJC Productions., Inc. v. Kydes, 903 F.Supp. 42, 43 (S.D. Ga. 1995); Kingvision Pay-Per-View, Ltd. v. Manente, 1:05CV00280 OWW SMS, 2006 WL 120141 (E.D. Cal. Jan. 12, 2006); Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Nekos, 96-CV-706 (FJS), 1998 WL 238619 (N.D.N.Y. May 5, 1998). As reasoned by the court in VJC Productions:
Having authored a "two-way street" fee-shifting statute in the past, 42 U.S.C. § 1988, Congress certainly knew how to enact the same component in 47 U.S.C. § 553(c)(2)(C) and § 605(e)(3)(B)(iii). "Where Congress knows how to say something but chooses not to, its silence is controlling." In re Haas , 48 F.3d 1153, 1156 (11th Cir.1995). By limiting these Cable Communications Policy Act fee-shifting statutes to an "aggrieved" party, rather than a mere "prevailing" party (under which a defendant may recover fees under 42 U.S.C. § 1988), Congress signaled its intention not to authorize fee awards for defendants in Cable Act cases.
903 F.Supp. at 43-44. The Court agrees with the reasoning in VJC Productions and, likewise, holds that 47 U.S.C. § 553(c)(2)(C) and § 605(E)(3)(B)(iii) do not authorize an award of attorney fees to a prevailing defendant.
The remaining issue is whether this court should award attorney fees and costs under Fed. Rule Civ. P. 54. "It is a general rule in the United States that in absence of legislation providing otherwise, litigants must pay their own attorney's fees." Christiansburg Garment Co. v. EEOC, 434 U.S. 412, 415, 98 S.Ct. 694, 54 L.Ed.2d 648 (1978). However, the court has the inherent power to award attorney fees "[w]hen a losing party has acted in bad faith, vexatiously, wantonly, or for oppressive reasons." Primus Automotive Financial Services, Inc. v. Batarse, 115 F.3d 644, 648 (9th Cir. 1997). Puerto Vallarta defendants seem to assert that attorney fees should be awarded because the case was ultimately dismissed due to plaintiff's failure to comply with the court's scheduling order. Def. Mot. at 2, Dkt. 30.
However, for the court to award attorney fees under its inherent power, the court must make a finding of bad faith. Primus, 115 F.3d at 649. Bad faith requires proof that the misconduct at issue was both entirely without merit and motivated by some improper purpose. Derfner & Wolf, Court Awarded Attorney Fees §4.02 (2012); Maguire Oil Co. v. City of Houston, 143 F.3d 205, 211-212 (5th Cir. 1998). The Court finds that the facts alleged by Puerto Vallarta defendants are insufficient to prove bad faith, as there is no indication of improper motive on behalf of the plaintiff. Therefore, the Court declines to award attorney fees to Puerto Vallarta defendants.
Additionally, Puerto Vallarta defendants are not entitled to the $587.00 in "costs" they claim for computer-assisted legal research expenses. See Def. Mot. at 2, Dkt. 30. The court's power to award costs under Fed.R.Civ.P. 54(d) is limited to the costs specifically enumerated under 28 U.S.C. § 1920. See Crawford Fittings Co. v. J.T. Gibbons, Inc., 402 U.S. 437, 441-42, 107 S.Ct. 2494, 96 L.Ed.2d 385 (1987). Section 1920 does not include any ...