United States District Court, D. Idaho
IDA-ORE PLANNING and DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION INC., et al., Plaintiffs,
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER
EDWARD J. LODGE, District Judge.
This case arises under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983 and 1988. Plaintiff, Ida-Ore Planning and Development Association, Inc., dba Idaho Council of Governments ("Plaintiff") alleges that Defendants Severina "Sam" Haws, Administrator of the Idaho Commission on Aging, and Carey Spears, David Pankey, Lorraine Elfering, Coleen Erickson and Victor Watson, as Commissioners of the Idaho Commission on Aging (collectively referred to hereinafter as "Defendants"), failed to comply with the Older Americans Act, 42 U.S.C. § 3001 et. seq. (the "OAA") when distributing funds to the population of senior citizens Plaintiff formerly served as an Area Agency on Aging under the OOA. The Court has before it Defendants' motion to dismiss Plaintiff's complaint pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) and 12(b)(6).
Having fully reviewed the record, the Court finds that the facts and legal arguments are adequately presented in the briefs and record. Accordingly, in the interest of avoiding further delay, and because the Court conclusively finds that the decisional process would not be significantly aided by oral argument, this matter shall be decided on the record before this Court without oral argument. For the reasons expressed, the Court will grant Defendants' motion to dismiss.
The OAA authorizes federal grants to fund state-created programs designed to help senior citizens in their daily needs. To receive such funds, a state must divide itself into one or more local planning and service areas ("PSAs"), and develop an intrastate funding formula for determining how funds are distributed among the PSAs. 42 U.S.C. § 3025(a)(1)(E). When its Complaint was filed, Plaintiff was one of six Area Agencies on Aging for the state of Idaho. Under the OAA, Area Agencies on Aging receive funding that is passed through State Units on Aging. The Idaho Commission on Aging ("ICOA") is Idaho's State Unit on Aging, and Defendants are officers of ICOA. I.C. § 67-5001.
Area Agencies on Aging serve as the public advocate for the development or enhancement of comprehensive and coordinated community-based systems of services in each community throughout a PSA. 45 CFR § 1321.61. Each Area Agency on Aging is charged with protecting and advocating on its own behalf for the interests of older citizens. Id. The six Idaho Area Agencies on Aging receive funds under a formula developed by the ICOA and approved by the Federal Administration on Aging in the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
In its Complaint, Plaintiff claimed that ICOA's formula for distribution of funds does not properly take into account statutory and regulatory criteria and, as such, underfunded services for the PSA that Plaintiff serves. As a result of ICOA's allegedly non-compliant formula, Plaintiff claimed it had insufficient funds to meet service demands, and that its ability to lead the development or enhancement of comprehensive and coordinated community based systems was substantially diminished. Plaintiff requested declaratory relief finding ICOA's funding formula invalid for failing to take into account statutory and regulatory criteria, and sought injunctive relief prohibiting future allocation of funds under ICOA's current funding formula.
Since this case was filed on May 27, 2014, the ICOA issued a formal administrative proceeding to "de-designate" Plaintiff as an Area Agency on Aging in Idaho. Plaintiff agreed to be de-designated as an Area Agency on Aging on July 25, 2014. ICOA issued its formal Order de-designating Plaintiff on July 31, 2014. As a result of its de-designation, Plaintiff will no longer receive funds from ICOA under the OOA.
Defendants filed the instant motion to dismiss on August 11, 2014. Defendants suggest Plaintiff's Complaint should be dismissed under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) because Plaintiff's claims became moot when it was de-designated as an Idaho Area Agency on Aging. Alternatively, Defendants seek dismissal pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Because the Court finds it lacks subject matter jurisdiction due to Plaintiff's de-designation as an Area Agency on Aging, this case is dismissed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1), and the Court need not address Defendants' alternative argument regarding Plaintiff's failure to state a claim. Lance v. Coffman, 549 U.S. 437 (2007) (federal courts must determine they have jurisdiction before proceeding to the merits) ( citing Steel Co. v. Citizens for Better Env't, 523 U.S. 83, 94-95 (1998)).
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) authorizes a motion to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. When a motion is made pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1), the plaintiff has the burden of proving that the court has subject matter jurisdiction. Tosco Corp. v. Cmtys. for a Better Env't, 236 F.3d 495, 499 (9th Cir. 2001) overruled on other grounds by Hertz Corp. v. Friend, 559 U.S. 77 (2010). For the court to exercise subject matter jurisdiction, a plaintiff must show that he or she has standing under Article III. Cetacean Cmty. v. Bush, 386 F.3d 1169, 1174 (9th Cir. 2004) ("A suit brought by a plaintiff without Article III standing is not a case or controversy, ' and an Article III federal court therefore lacks subject matter jurisdiction over the suit.") (citation omitted). A corollary to the case or controversy criteria is that:
[A]n actual controversy must be extant at all stages of review, not merely at the time the complaint is filed. If an intervening circumstance deprives the plaintiff of a personal stake in the outcome of the lawsuit, at any point during litigation, the action can no longer proceed and must be dismissed as moot.
Genesis Healthcare Corp. v. Symczyk, U.S., 569 U.S. ___, 133 S.Ct. 1523 (2013) (internal citations and quotation marks omitted).
Article III sets forth the constitutional limitations on standing and requires a plaintiff to establish (1) injury in fact, (2) causation, and (3) redressability. Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife, 504 U.S. 555, 560-61 (1992). The injury in fact must be concrete and particularized and actual or imminent, rather than conjectural or hypothetical. Id. Further, the constitutional judicial power exists only to redress or otherwise to protect against injury to the complaining party, even though the court's judgment may benefit others collaterally. Warth v. Seldin, 422 U.S. 490, 499 (1975). "A federal court's jurisdiction therefore can be invoked only when the plaintiff has suffered some threatened or actual injury resulting from the putatively illegal action[.]" Id. (quoting Linda R.S. v. Richard D., 410 U.S. ...