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Griffith v. Jumptime Meridian, LLC

Supreme Court of Idaho

April 10, 2017

SETH GRIFFITH, Plaintiff-Appellant,
v.
JUMPTIME MERIDIAN, LLC, an Idaho Limited Liability Company, Defendant-Respondent.

         2017 Opinion No. 29

         Appeal from the District Court of the Fourth Judicial District of the State of Idaho, in and for Ada County. Hon. Deborah A. Bail, District Judge.

         The judgment of the district court is affirmed.

          Eric Clark, Clark & Associates, Eagle, argued for appellant.

          William Fletcher, Hawley Troxell Ennis & Hawley LLP, Boise, argued for respondent.

          EISMANN, Justice.

         This is an appeal out of Ada County from a judgment dismissing an action brought against JumpTime Meridian, LLC, by Seth Griffith seeking damages for an injury he received while attempting a triple front flip when he was seventeen years of age. We affirm the judgment of the district court.

         I.

         Factual Background.

         On January 11, 2014, seventeen-year-old Seth Griffith ("Plaintiff") was seriously injured when he attempted a triple front flip into a pit filled with foam blocks ("foam pit") at an indoor trampoline park owned and operated by JumpTime Meridian, LLC ("JumpTime"). Plaintiff went to the facility with his girlfriend and her younger brother and sister. Plaintiff initially played with the brother on trampolines for about ten or fifteen minutes, and then they went to an area where there were runway trampolines. Plaintiff spent about fifteen to twenty minutes doing front flips, back flips, and cartwheels on the runway trampolines, and he taught the brother to do a front flip. He then started showing off to the brother, doing various gymnastic tricks. He jumped up, did a back flip, jumped up, and did another back flip, and a female JumpTime employee, who was monitoring the foam pit area, told him it was pretty cool.

         The facility had foam pits, one large (sixteen feet by eighteen feet) and one small (nine feet by sixteen feet). The large foam pit had twin trampolines that were each twelve feet long leading to it, and the small foam pit had a 58-foot-long trampoline runway leading to it.

         Plaintiff's girlfriend and her sister were near the large foam pit. He walked over to where they were and talked to them. While he was there, he jumped into the large foam pit a few times. He then spent about 45 minutes "kind of horsing around on both the runway trampoline and the foam pit and the twin trampolines." After he did a double front flip into the small foam pit, the monitor came up to him and asked if he had ever done a double before. He answered that he had, and she said, "Oh, that was pretty sweet." As he continued performing double front flips into the small foam pit, he noticed that doing them was easier than it used to be for him. He decided to try a triple front flip. When he attempted it, he did not rotate far enough and landed on his head and neck, suffering a cervical dislocation and fracture, which required a fusion of his C6 and C7 vertebrae.

         Plaintiff filed this action alleging that JumpTime negligently caused his injury. He contended that because he was under the age of eighteen, JumpTime had a duty to supervise him. He had been intentionally landing the double front flips on his back in the pit. He testified that he did so "because you don't want to land on your feet because you can bash your head against your knees." JumpTime's written policy manual instructed its employees with respect to the foam pit to "[f]ollow the rules outlined on the wall and continuously enforce it." There were signs on the walls near the two pits ...


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