Opinion No. 29
from the District Court of the Fourth Judicial District of
the State of Idaho, in and for Ada County. Hon. Deborah A.
Bail, District Judge.
judgment of the district court is affirmed.
Clark, Clark & Associates, Eagle, argued for appellant.
William Fletcher, Hawley Troxell Ennis & Hawley LLP,
Boise, argued for respondent.
an appeal out of Ada County from a judgment dismissing an
action brought against JumpTime Meridian, LLC, by Seth
Griffith seeking damages for an injury he received while
attempting a triple front flip when he was seventeen years of
age. We affirm the judgment of the district court.
January 11, 2014, seventeen-year-old Seth Griffith
("Plaintiff") was seriously injured when he
attempted a triple front flip into a pit filled with foam
blocks ("foam pit") at an indoor trampoline park
owned and operated by JumpTime Meridian, LLC
("JumpTime"). Plaintiff went to the facility with
his girlfriend and her younger brother and sister. Plaintiff
initially played with the brother on trampolines for about
ten or fifteen minutes, and then they went to an area where
there were runway trampolines. Plaintiff spent about fifteen
to twenty minutes doing front flips, back flips, and
cartwheels on the runway trampolines, and he taught the
brother to do a front flip. He then started showing off to
the brother, doing various gymnastic tricks. He jumped up,
did a back flip, jumped up, and did another back flip, and a
female JumpTime employee, who was monitoring the foam pit
area, told him it was pretty cool.
facility had foam pits, one large (sixteen feet by eighteen
feet) and one small (nine feet by sixteen feet). The large
foam pit had twin trampolines that were each twelve feet long
leading to it, and the small foam pit had a 58-foot-long
trampoline runway leading to it.
girlfriend and her sister were near the large foam pit. He
walked over to where they were and talked to them. While he
was there, he jumped into the large foam pit a few times. He
then spent about 45 minutes "kind of horsing around on
both the runway trampoline and the foam pit and the twin
trampolines." After he did a double front flip into the
small foam pit, the monitor came up to him and asked if he
had ever done a double before. He answered that he had, and
she said, "Oh, that was pretty sweet." As he
continued performing double front flips into the small foam
pit, he noticed that doing them was easier than it used to be
for him. He decided to try a triple front flip. When he
attempted it, he did not rotate far enough and landed on his
head and neck, suffering a cervical dislocation and fracture,
which required a fusion of his C6 and C7 vertebrae.
filed this action alleging that JumpTime negligently caused
his injury. He contended that because he was under the age of
eighteen, JumpTime had a duty to supervise him. He had been
intentionally landing the double front flips on his back in
the pit. He testified that he did so "because you
don't want to land on your feet because you can bash your
head against your knees." JumpTime's written policy
manual instructed its employees with respect to the foam pit
to "[f]ollow the rules outlined on the wall and
continuously enforce it." There were signs on the walls
near the two pits ...