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Williams v. Berryhill

United States District Court, D. Idaho

July 3, 2018

NANCY A. BERRYHILL, Acting Commissioner of Social Security Administration, Respondent.


          Candy W. Dale, Judge


         Pending before the court is the Petitioner Teresa Marie Williams's Motion for EAJA Fees and Costs Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412. (Dkt. 16.) Respondent, the Acting Commissioner of the Social Security Administration, filed a response opposing the motion. (Dkt. 17.) In the interest of avoiding delay, and because the Court conclusively finds the decisional process would not be significantly aided by oral argument, the motion will be decided on the record and without oral argument. Dist. Idaho L. Rule 7.1(d). As discussed more fully below, Court will award Equal Access to Justice Act fees and costs to Williams.


         Williams applied for disability benefits and supplemental social security income under Title II of the Social Security Act, claiming that she was unable to work due to a variety of ailments and their combined impact. The Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) determined that Williams had the residual functional capacity (RFC) to perform her previous work as a human resources officer and other light work. Therefore, the ALJ concluded Williams was not disabled and denied her application for benefits.

         Williams requested review of the decision by the Appeals Council, which affirmed the ALJ's decision-making the denial of benefits the Commissioner's final decision. Thereafter, Williams filed a petition with the district court seeking review of the decision. She argued that the ALJ's decision was not supported by substantial evidence and was based on an incorrect legal standard. Specifically, she argued that the ALJ erred: (1) by rejecting the opinion of a treating provider and the VA disability assessment in favor of non-examining, non-treating agency consultants; (2) by finding her allegations of pain and other symptoms inconsistent with the medical record; and (3) by assigning Williams an RFC not supported by substantial evidence, because the RFC did not adequately account for the cumulative effects of her limitations.

         On March 21, 2018, the Court entered a Memorandum Decision and Order reversing and remanding the decision of the Social Security Administration and granting Williams's request for review. (Dkt. 13.) The Court determined that the ALJ did not support his decisions to assign a Veterans Administration (VA) disability rating little weight, to discount Williams's credibility, or to assign little weight to the opinion of her treating physician with substantial evidence in the record. (Dkt. 13 at 26.) The Court found further that the ALJ failed to provide clear and convincing reasons to support his adverse credibility finding. The Court found also that such errors infected the ALJ's RFC assessment and his determination that Williams was able to perform past relevant work or other light work. Id.

         On May 10, 2018, Williams moved the Court for an order awarding attorney's fees in the amount of $4, 805 pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA). 28 U.S.C. 2412(d). On May 31, 2018, the Commissioner submitted a response, asking the Court to deny Williams's motion. Therein, the Commissioner argues that Williams is not entitled to fees under the EAJA if the Court finds the Commissioner's position in denying the social security benefits was substantially justified. The Commissioner asserts that the ALJ's position on the VA disability rating, Williams's credibility, and the treating physician's opinion had a reasonable basis in law and fact, and was substantially justified such that no award is due pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2412(2)(d)(1)(A).


         The EAJA provides that a court will award fees and other expenses to a prevailing party when such fees and other expenses were incurred by that party in any civil action brought against the United States, unless a court finds that “the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). Fees and other expenses include “reasonable attorney fees.” Id. § 2412(d)(2)(A).

         In a social security case, if the Commissioner seeks to avoid paying attorney fees for a prevailing party, it is the Commissioner's burden to show the “position with respect to the issue on which the court based its remand was ‘substantially justified.'” Decker v. Berryhill, 856 F.3d 659, 664 (9th Cir. 2017). Substantial justification is shown when the position was “justified to a degree that could satisfy a reasonable person.” Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565 (1988). In other words, the position must have “a reasonable basis in both fact and law.” Id.

         Although is a strong indication that the position of the Commissioner is not substantially justified if not supported by substantial evidence, a court may not base its decision on that fact alone. Decker at 664. Instead, a court “must assess the justification of the Commissioner's position based on its reasonableness before the district court made its decision on the merits.” Id. “In determining whether a party is eligible for fees under EAJA, the district court must determine whether the government's position regarding the specific issue on which the district court based its remand was ‘substantially justified'- not whether the ALJ would ultimately deny disability benefits.” Gardner v. Berryhill, 856 F.3d 652, 656 (9th Cir. 2017). In simpler terms, a court must determine whether the Commissioner's litigation position was substantially justified. Decker at 661. When the government's opposition to remand of the claim on the merits is reasonable-even if a petitioner is successful in obtaining a remand-a court may not award EAJA fees.


         The issues presented to the Court by Williams's appeal of the denial of benefits were whether the ALJ's decision was supported by substantial evidence and based on the correct legal standard. The Court concluded there was not substantial evidence and also that the ALJ erred in choice of legal standard in several areas of the determination. Significantly, the Court found that the error made by the ALJ by assigning a VA disability rating of 100 percent “little weight” alone warranted remand-it “negate[d] the validity of the ALJ's ultimate conclusion.” (Dkt. 13 at 11) (citing Molina v. Astrue, 67 ...

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