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Davis v. City of Idaho Falls

United States District Court, D. Idaho

May 22, 2019

CITY OF IDAHO FALLS, a municipal corporation; TAUTPHAUS PARK ZOO, a department of the City of Idaho Falls; RAYMOND PROBERT, an employee of the CITY OF IDAHO FALLS and TAUTPHAUS PARK ZOO; LINDA BEARD, in her official capacity as Tautphaus Park Zoo Supervisor; and ALYSSA ROD, in her official capacity as Tautphaus Park Zoo Supervisor, Defendants.


          David C. Nye Chief U.S. District Court Judge.


         Currently pending before the Court is Defendant Raymond Probert's (“Probert”) Motion for Discovery and to Present Rebuttal Evidence (Dkt. 85), and Motion for Determination of Joint Liability and to Assert Offset as an Affirmative Defense (Dkt. 86). Having reviewed the record and briefs, the Court finds that the facts and legal arguments are adequately presented. Accordingly, in the interest of avoiding further delay, and because the Court finds that the decisional process would not be significantly aided by oral argument, the Court will address the motion without oral argument. Dist. Idaho Loc. Civ. R. 7.1(d)(1)(B). For the reasons outlined below, the Court DENIES both motions.


         This action relates to an abuse claim between a female minor (Davis) and an adult, male co-worker (Probert). Davis filed her Complaint on December 23, 2014, alleging a variety of state and federal claims against various defendants, including Probert. Dkt. 1. The claims alleged against Probert were: Damages for Depravation of Federal Rights under 42 U.S.C. 1983; Tort in Child Abuse under I.C. § 6-1701; Negligence; Negligent Infliction of Emotional Distress; and Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress. Id. Davis seeks relief in the form of general and special damages “in an amount to be proven at trial” as well as costs and attorney fees. Id. at p. 12-13.

         On March 24, 2015, Probert was served with service of process. Dkt. 61.1. Davis partially settled her claims against all of the defendants except Probert. Accordingly, on May 1, 2017, United States District Judge Edward Lodge dismissed the case with prejudice as to all defendants except Probert. Dkt. 60. On August 1, 2017, Davis filed her motion for Entry of Default against Probert. Dkt. 62. On August 2, 2017, United States Magistrate Judge Candy Dale granted Davis's motion and ordered the clerk to enter Probert's default under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(a). Dkt. 62. Also on August 2, 2017, Probert's counsel filed a notice of appearance. Dkt. 63. However, Probert did not move to set aside the default.

         On April 4, 2018, Davis filed a second Motion for Entry of a Default and Request for a Default Judgment Evidentiary Hearing/Trial. Dkt. 72. On April 10, 2018, the Court granted Davis's motion and ordered the clerk to enter default. Dkt. 73. The Order permitted Davis to “present evidence of her damages” and permitted Probert “to cross- examine witnesses regarding the mitigation of damages.” Id. On April 13, 2018, the Clerk entered default as to Probert. Dkt. 74.

         On April 27, 2018, Probert filed a response to Davis's motion for entry of default, arguing that he “is entitled . . . to present evidence on his own behalf in mitigation of the damages, and is not circumscribed to simply cross-examining the damages witnesses that Plaintiff may choose to call at the damages trial.” Dkt. 75. On June 6, 2018, Davis replied to Probert's Response. Dkt. 76.

         On June 7, 2018, Probert filed a motion to strike Davis reply. Dkt. 77. On July 12, 2018, Judge Dale denied Probert's motion to strike as moot because “a final order had already issued regarding the entry of default, Defendant's filing, submitted as a response to the underlying motion, was procedurally inappropriate, as were the later filings made by the parties in connection with Defendant's response.” Dkt. 82 p. 2.

         The case was then assigned to United State District Judge David Nye on June 7, 2018 (Dkt. 79), and on January 15, 2019, the Court issued its order setting a default judgment evidentiary hearing for May 8, 2019. Dkt. 83. On January 24, 2019, the Court reset the hearing for May 23, 2019. Probert then filed the two instant motions.


         Rule 55 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure states that “[t]he court may conduct hearings or make referrals-preserving any federal statutory right to a jury trial-when, to enter or effectuate judgment, it needs to . . . determine the amount of damages.” Fed. R. Civ. Pro. 55(b) (emphasis added). Thus, default judgement hearings on damages may be conducted at the discretion of the Court.

         Upon entry of default, the complaint's factual allegations regarding liability are taken as true, but allegations regarding the amount of damages must be proven. See Fed. R. Civ. P 55(b)(2); Geddes v. United Fin. Group, 559 F.2d 557, 560 (9th Cir.1977). Where, as here, a plaintiff's damages are not capable of ascertainment from definite figures contained in documentary evidence or detailed in affidavits, they require “proving up” through an evidentiary hearing or some other means. Dolphin v. Ruiz, 2008 WL 4552940, at *3 (C.D.Cal. 2008) (citing Dundee Cement Co. v. Howard Pipe & Concrete Prods., 722 F.2d 1319, 1323-24 (7th Cir.1983)). A plaintiff's burden “in ‘proving up' damages is relatively lenient.” Elektra Entm't Grp., Inc. v. Bryant, 2004 WL 783123, at *2 (C.D. Cal. 2004) (citing Greyhound Exhibitgroup, Inc. v. E.L.U.L. Reality Corp., 973 F.2d 155, 159 (2d Cir. 1992)). Injury is admitted upon default, but the plaintiff “still must prove that the compensation sought relates to the damages that naturally flow from the injuries pled.” Wu v. Ip, 1996 WL 428342, at *1 (N.D. Cal. 1996) (citing Greyhound, 973 F.2d at 159).

         IV. ...

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