Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Tibbitts v. Armstrong

United States District Court, D. Idaho

November 19, 2019

ROBERT WESLEY TIBBITTS, Petitioner,
v.
GLEN ARMSTRONG, Respondent.

          SUCCESSIVE REVIEW ORDER

          CANDY W. DALE, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         On June 19, 2019, the Court reviewed Petitioner Robert Wesley Tibbitts's petition for writ of habeas corpus and instructed Petitioner to file an amended petition. (See Initial Review Order, Dkt. 11.) Petitioner has done so. (Dkt. 13).

         The Court now reviews the Amended Petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243 and Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases (“Habeas Rules”).

         REVIEW OF AMENDED PETITION

         1. Standard of Law for Review of Petition

         As the Court stated in its Initial Review Order, federal habeas corpus relief is available to petitioners who show that they are held in custody under a state court judgment and that such custody violates the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a). The Court is required to review a habeas corpus petition upon receipt to determine whether it is subject to summary dismissal. Habeas Rule 4. Summary dismissal is appropriate where “it plainly appears from the face of the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court.” Id.

         2. Discussion

         Although the Amended Petition does not identify the conviction from which Petitioner seeks relief in this action, the Bingham County iCourt database indicates that, in No. CR-2011-2275, Petitioner was convicted of felony DUI and committed two probation violations. See iCourt Database, Bingham County, https://icourt.idaho.gov/ (accessed Aug. 8, 2019).

         In the Amended Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus, Petitioner brings four claims, all of which appear to allege that Petitioner will be incarcerated for longer than his sentence permits-or that his sentence exceeds the statutory maximum-because, on revocation of probation, Petitioner did not receive credit for time served on probation. (See Dkt. 13 at 3-6.) That is, Petitioner appears to assert that the forfeiture of time served on probation (also known as “street time”) violates the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.[1] Petitioner may also be alleging that the state district court extended or otherwise “modified” his sentence. (Id. at 6.)

         It appears from the face of the Petition that Petitioner is not entitled to habeas relief. All of Petitioner's claims appear to be based on the forfeiture of street time, which is not an available basis for relief. In Roberts v. United States, 320 U.S. 264 (1943), the United States Supreme Court rejected a similar challenge in the context of reinstating an original sentence without credit for time served on probation. The Court held that it was constitutional for federal courts to suspend imposition of a sentence pending probation and later impose the original sentence upon revocation of probation under a federal statutory scheme. Id. at 272-73.

         The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has similarly held. In Peltier v. Wright, 15 F.3d 860, 862 (9th Cir. 1994), the court upheld as constitutional a forfeiture of five years' probation time when an Idaho state court imposed an originally withheld sentence of twenty years after a probation revocation. As one court explained, such a sentence is not “increased or extended, ” but “merely ... interrupted and deferred by the fact of [a] conditional release.” Woods v. Steiner, 207 F.Supp. 945, 952 (D. Ma. 1962).

         It is unclear whether Petitioner asserts a basis for habeas relief other than the forfeiture of street time. Therefore, the Court will grant Petitioner one final opportunity to amend. Within 14 days after entry of this Order, Petitioner must file a second amended petition that omits any claims based on forfeiture of street time.

         ORDER

         IT ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.